In the Indian sub-continent the first Law Commission was established in 1834 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay under the Charter Act of 1833. Thereafter the second, third and fourth Law Commissions were consecutively established in 1853, 1861 and 1879 respectively. The first Law Commission in addition to other recommendations made recommendations for codification of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 and the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898. The consecutive three Law Commissions enriched the treasure of the laws of the Indian sub- continent by initiating a large number of diversified laws. Besides, the Indian Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, the Evidence Act, 1872, Indian Contract Act, 1872 and the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 etc. are the outcome of labor of the aforesaid four Law Commissions.
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